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Egyptian Gods and Goddesses


Ma'at - Goddess of Truth

Other names : Maat
Titles : Goddess of Truth and Justice, Goddess of Harmony, Goddess of Order

Ma'at was the goddess of truth, justice and balance, and was one of the most ancient Egyptian gods. Together with her husband Thoth, Ma'at was there when the Ra created the world.

Ma'at also symbolized the balance of creation. This balance has to be maintained or chaos will ensue and the world will plunge into destruction. Every pharaoh was given a mandate to rule as long as he pledged to follow Ma'at and ensure that balance and justice was forever upheld.

The goddess Ma'at is also a key figure in the Final Judgment. In the Hall of Ma'at, the heart of the dead is weighed against the feather of Ma'at, to determine if they are eligible to enter the Underworld.

Ma'at is commonly depicted with an ostrich feather on her head, and with wings connected to her arms.



Nekhebet (Nekhbet) - Goddess of Upper Egypt

Other names : Nekhbet
Titles : Vulture Goddess, Bird Goddess, Patron Goddess of Upper Egypt

Nekhebet, also known as Nekhbet, is commonly pictured as a vulture holding an ankh. She is sometimes depicted with her wings spread protectively over the pharaoh.

As one of the more ancient Egyptian goddesses, Nekhebet, or Nekhbet, was originally the local goddess of the town Nekheb. However, as her influence grew, she became the goddess of the entire Upper (Southern) Egypt. In fact, the vulture of Nekhebet was used to symbolize Upper Egypt on the pharaoh's crown, while the cobra symbolized Lower Egypt. Nekhebet was the wife of Hapi, god of the Nile.

Nekhebet had a protective nature, being the protector goddess of mothers and children. She also had a more aggressive nature, guarding and fighting alongside the pharaoh in battles.



Nephthys - Mistress of the Dead

Other names : Neber-Het, Nebhut, Nebthet
Titles : Goddess of Death, Goddess of the Night, Lady of the Temple, Goddess of Service

Nephthys was the sister of Osiris, Isis and Set, and also the wife of Set. However, she was not as widely worshipped as her more popular siblings.

Nephthys is commonly associated with her sister Isis, helping her with many things. She helped Isis gather the various parts of Osiris' body after Set dismembered him. Nephthys also assisted Isis in delivering babies. She is now seen together with Osiris and Isis, ruling the underworld.

Nephthys was depicted as a woman with a basket and a house (which form the hieroglyphs of her name) on top of her head.



Nut - The Sky Goddess

Other names : Naunet, Nenet, Neuth, Newet, Nuit, Nunut
Titles : Sky Goddess, Goddess of the Heavens

Nut was the daughter of Shu, the Egyptian god of air, and Tefnut, goddess of water. She was also the sister and wife of Geb, god of the earth.

Nut's domain was the sky, and she was commonly pictured as a naked woman arching over the earth, with her hands and feet touching the ground. Her body is usually sky-colored and filled with stars. She is also sometimes depicted as a cow. Some stories tell of Nut swallowing the sun in the evening, and giving birth to it in the morning.

Nut is famous for being the mother of some of the most important egyptian gods: Osiris, Isis, Set and Nephthys. The story of Ra mentions the sun god Ra forbidding Nut to bear any children, for fear of them taking his throne from him. But Nut sought the help of the wise god Thoth, and managed to give birth to her four children.



Osiris - The Egyptian God of the Underworld

Other names : Asar, Unnefer
Titles : God of the Underworld, God of Death, God of the Afterlife, God of Resurrection

Osiris is among the most important Egyptian gods, having a cult following that grew beyond Egypt's borders. Modern-day Egypt still celebrates festivals dedicated to him. Osiris is usually depicted as a mummy wearing the Atef crown with a crook and flail in his hands.

Osiris is said to be the Egyptian god that brought civilization and agriculture to Egypt. It was he who taught the people how to farm and harvest grain. As such, he was worshipped as a god of agriculture.

Osiris was famously murdered and chopped up by his brother Set in a popular myth. He was then made whole again by his wife Isis together with Anubis and Thoth. After that, Osiris became the Lord of the Underworld, and by extension God of the Dead.

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