Egyptian Camel

Egyptian Gods and Goddesses


Hapi, God of the Nile

Other names : Hapy
Titles : God of the Nile, Lord of the River, Lord of Fish and Birds

Hapi was the ancient Egyptian god of the Nile. He was depicted as green-skinned and with a woman's breasts, representing the fertility and life-giving resources of the river.

The ancient Egyptians prayed to Hapi to ensure that the annual inundations or floods would bring sufficient water to their fields, so that they would have a plentiful harvest.

The Egyptians worshipped Hapi more than any other Egyptian gods and goddesses. To the Egyptians, the Nile river was of the greatest importance. Without the Nile, life would not have been sustainable.



The Egyptian goddess Hathor

Other names : Athyr, Het-Hert
Titles : Goddess of the Sky, Goddess of Fertility, Goddess of Love, Goddess of Joy

Hathor is one of the oldest Egyptian goddesses, dating to predynastic times. She is often depicted as a cow, or a woman with a cow's head, or a woman with the horns of a cow and a solar disc on her head.

As one of the older Egyptian goddesses, Hathor has been associated with many different attributes and characteristics. However, the majority of records describe her as the goddess of women, childbirth, happiness and anything to do with the joy of life.

Hathor's name also implies that she is the protector of Horus. It is likely that Hathor has previously been considered the mother of Horus, and by extension the mother of the pharaoh. However, as the influence of the goddess Isis grew, Hathor's role as Horus' mother was absorbed by Isis, as were the roles of other Egyptian goddesses.



The Egyptian god Horus

Other names : Harmakhis, Harpokrates, Heru, Hor
Titles : God of the Sky, God of War, God of Hunting, Bird God, Falcon God, Patron God of Nekhen

Horus is one of the more important Egyptian gods. He is usually depicted as a man with the head of a falcon, or sometimes as a falcon as well. He is also depicted as a falcon encircling the head of the pharaoh with his wings.

Horus is another of the Egyptian gods with many attributes associated with him. He is sometimes associated with the sun god Ra and embodies the power of the sun and sky, and represents the pharaoh of Egypt. However, more popular myths describe the Egyptian god Horus as the dutiful son of Osiris and Isis. When the evil god Set murdered Osiris, Horus avenged his father and killed Set.

Horus is also depicted in the final judgment. After the deceased passes the weighing of the scales, Horus will lead the deceased to the underworld.



The Egyptian goddess Isis suckling the baby Horus

Other names : Aset, Iset
Titles : Mother Goddess, Goddess of Health, Goddess of Marriage, Goddess of Wisdom, Goddess of Children, Protector of the Dead

The Egyptian goddess Isis, commonly described as the sister and wife of Osiris and mother of Horus, is the most important of the Egyptian goddesses. Her cult was the biggest, spreading the farthest among all the Egyptian gods, as far as Europe and Persia.

Isis is commonly depicted as a seated queen suckling and cradling the baby Horus. This symbolism is said to influence the idea of the Virgin Mary and the baby Jesus. She is also depicted with either a throne or a vulture on top of her head.

Isis was considered the mother goddess, watching over the pharaoh and the throne. As her influence and following grew over the centuries, Isis' portfolio grew to include many other attributes, such as goddess of magic, queen of the underworld and goddess of agriculture.



Khnum - God of Water

Other names : Chnum, Khnemu
Titles : God of Water, God of Creation, God of the Nile, the Ram God

Khnum is one of the most ancient Egyptian gods, and is thought to have been worshipped since the Predynastic Period. He was associated with the source of the Nile River. Due to the importance of the Nile, Khnum's status was also highly venerated.

Khnum was the god of water, and presided over everything related to water, including rivers, lakes, and even clay. This associated him with pottery, and he was frequently shown standing next to a potter's wheel.

In certain parts of Ancient Egypt, Khnum was also known as the god of creation. Creation myths describe him creating the first people using his potter's wheel.

Khnum is also known as the Ram God, and is usually depicted with the head of a ram.

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