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Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

Amun - King of the Gods

Other names : Amen, Ammon, Amon, Amoun

Amun, King of the GodsAmun, whose name means "Hidden", was originally worshipped locally in Thebes. When Thebes conquered neighboring states, Amun grew to become a national deity throughout Egypt.

Among the Egyptian gods and goddesses, Amun is considered the most important. He was a creator god, and generations of pharaohs adopted him as their patron deity. His name even appears in the names of pharaohs, such as Tutankhamun.

As Amun's importance grew, he was declared to be King of the Gods, and many temples were built in his name in places such as Karnak and Luxor.

At one point, he was also combined with the sun god Ra to form Amun-Ra, the almighty god of the sun and creation.

Anubis - God of the Dead

The Egyptian god AnubisOther names : Anpu

The Egyptian god Anubis is most often represented as a man with the head of a jackal. He presides over all things to do with death and dying. He is said to be the one who embalmed Osiris, the first mummy. His work is said to be the basis of the Egyptian mummification process.

As an early Egyptian god, Anubis was worshipped as the God of the Dead. However, as the number of Egyptian gods and goddesses grew, Osiris later took over this role. Since then, Anubis is considered the god of embalming and mummification.

The main role of Anubis is during the Final Judgment, when a person dies. He guides the deceased to the Scales of Ma'at. There, Anubis oversees the weighing of the person's heart against the feather of Ma'at.

Bastet - Goddess of the Home

The Egyptian goddess BastetOther names : Bast, Ubaste

The Egyptian goddess Bastet, daughter of Ra, was among the more popular of the ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses. She had a huge cult following in the city of Bubastis in the Nile delta.

In ancient times, the goddess Bastet was depicted as a lioness. She was associated with related attributes, such as vengeance, ferocity and war.

Later on, Bastet bore the likeness of the domesticated cat, and took on more docile characteristics. She became the goddess of the home and represented more friendly attributes such as music and dancing.

As such a popular Egyptian goddess, Bastet and her symbol - the domesticated cat - were considered sacred. Cats were treated as holy creatures, and were even mummified when they died.

Bes - God of Protection

Other names : Bis, Bisu

Bes, God of ProtectionBes was a unique god. Unlike the other Egyptian gods and goddesses, who were depicted in noble positions and likenesses, Bes was usually pictured to be a dwarf with a large head, stumpy legs and a generally ugly look.

Bes was also unique in the sense that he was not a local deity like the other Egyptian gods and goddesses, but was likely imported from central Africa.

Like the goddess Bastet, Bes was also the patron god of music and dancing, and was associated with other feminine aspects such as childbirth.

Bes also had a protective aspect, and statues of him could be seen in homes, guarding the family against evil spirits and animals.

Want to know more about Egyptian gods? Try this book from Amazon:

Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient EgyptEgyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt

This book provides a timeline covering the seven stages in the mythical history of Egypt and outlining the major events of each stage. An A to Z section covers the principal themes and concepts of Egyptian mythology as well as the most important deities, demons, and other characters.

Geb - God of Earth

Geb, God of EarthOther names : Keb, Seb

Geb was the god of earth. His parents were Shu, god of the air, and Tefnet, goddess of the rain. His sister and wife was Nut, goddess of the sky.

As the god of earth, Geb represented the fertile Nile valley, and is often depicted as dark brown (the color of the flood plains), or green (the color of vegetation). It is said that his loud laughter is the cause of earthquakes. His sacred animal is the goose.

Geb was one of the most ancient of the Egyptian gods and goddesses. This can be seen in the more elemental and primal attributes that he, his parents and his wife all embodied. It was he who - with Nut - sired Osiris, Isis, Set and Nephthys, the later pantheon of gods.

Hapi, God of the NileHapi - God of the Nile

Hapi was the ancient Egyptian god of the Nile. He was depicted as green-skinned and with a woman's breasts, representing the fertility and life-giving resources of the river.

The ancient Egyptians prayed to Hapi to ensure that the annual inundations or floods would bring sufficient water to their fields, so that they would have a plentiful harvest.

The Egyptians worshipped Hapi more than any other Egyptian gods and goddesses. To the Egyptians, the Nile river was of the greatest importance. Without the Nile, life would not have been sustainable.


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